Libraries // August 13th, 2013

Knowledge management and community – a free virtual issue of JASIST

jasistKnowledge management (KM) has been a sub-field of information science, and is also studied in disciplines such as computer science, engineering, communication, and management. Its definition is sometimes elusive because of the abstract nature of knowledge and the sharing of knowledge, but, as a practical matter, one can see that KM manifests itself in organizations in very ordinary ways, such as at meetings, in capturing and distributing video presentations, and with the use of the Web and social media. A workable definition that appeared in a 2002 issue of JASIST is:

Knowledge management is an effort to increase useful knowledge within the organization. Ways to do this include encouraging communication, offering opportunities to learn, and promoting the sharing of appropriate knowledge artifacts (McInerney, p.1014).

JASIST, the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, has published a wealth of scholarly papers on knowledge development, knowledge sharing, communities of practice over the years and other KM-relevant topics.  We reproduce here a recent Virtual Issue covering in particular the theme of knowledge management within a community.

There is a substantial body of knowledge management (KM) literature that deals with how individuals and groups develop knowledge and share it within different organizational structures. Along with a sampling of such studies, we also present others that touch upon how these communities exchange knowledge in interdisciplinary collaborations, what behaviors and intentions with respect to knowledge sharing (KS) and knowledge consumption they exhibit, what individual motivations they might have when sharing knowledge online, how communities of practice use technology, and how knowledge sources can influence KS. We similarly include papers on the application of these KM ideas and frameworks to other fields of study.  (See full editorial for this Virtual Issue here).

List of Articles

Testing an integrative theoretical model of knowledge-sharing behavior in the context of Wikipedia
Cho, H., Chen, M., & Chung, S. (2010)
61(6), 1198–1212

Factors governing the consumption of explicit knowledge
Desouza, K. C., Awazu, Y., & Wan, Y. (2006)
57(1), 36–43

Information technology support for communities of practice: How public defenders learn about winning and losing in court
Hara, N. (2007)
58(1), 76–87

Learning and knowledge networks in interdisciplinary collaborations
Haythornthwaite, C. (2006)
57(8), 1079–1092

Knowledge sharing in online environments: A qualitative case study
Hew, K. F., & Hara, N. (2007)
58(14), 2310–2324

A multilevel view on interpersonal knowledge transfer
Kang, M., & Kim, Y.-G. (2010)
61(3), 483–494

A study of the intention–action gap in knowledge sharing practices
Kuo, F.-Y., & Young, M.-L. (2008)
59(8), 1224–1237

The characteristics and motivations of health answerers for sharing information, knowledge, and experiences in online environments
Oh, S. (2012)
63(3). 543-557

A knowledge management model: Implications for enhancing quality in health care
Orzano, A. J., McInerney, C. R., Scharf, D., Tallia, A. F., & Crabtree, B. F. (2008)
59(3), 489–505

Informational cities: Analysis and construction of cities in the knowledge society
Stock, W. G. (2011)
62(5), 963–986

A multidimensional network approach to studying team members’ information seeking from human and digital knowledge sources in consulting firms
Su, C., & Contractor, N. (2011)
62(7), 1257–1275

The interplay between interpersonal and electronic resources in knowledge seeking among co-located and distributed employees
Yuan, Y. C., Rickard, L. N., Xia, L., & Scherer, C. (2011)
62(3), 535–549